The development of science, technology and industry in the near future requires new materials and devices, which will differ in many aspects from that of past years. This is due to the fact that many sophisticated processes and new materials are being invented. The computer engineering field is a typical example. The main building block for these achievements is science, and leading it is physics, which provides the foundation for the chemical, biological and atomic industries.
Thermodynamics of non-equilibrium processes is a comparatively new area of thermodynamics. Traditionally this discipline is taught only to chemistry students who have a very strong background in physics. The author of the present book has adapted his course of thermodynamics of non-equilibrium processes so that the subject can be treated in terms understandable to any chemist with a formal physicochemical education in the fields of classical thermodynamics of equilibrium processes and traditional chemical kinetics.
The discipline combines thermodynamics and chemical kinetics and is helpful to researchers engaged in studying complex chemical transformations, in particular, catalytic transformations. For example, important concepts for such studies are conditions of kinetic irreversibility of complex stepwise stoichiometric reactions, rate-determining and rate-limiting stages, etc. In traditional chemical kinetics these concepts are not very clear and tend to be "concealed" in courses. Fortunately, these concepts appear to be consistently and properly defined in terms of thermodynamics of non-equilibrium processes.
The present book is the synopsis of lectures on thermodynamics of non-equilibrium processes and a particular course on thermodynamics of operating catalysts.
Applies simple approaches of non-equilibrium thermodynamics to analyzing properties of chemically reactive systems
Covers systems far from equilibrium, allowing the consideration of most chemically reactive systems of a chemical or biological nature.
This approach resolves many complicated problems in the teaching of chemical kinetics.
Here in one source is a wide variety of practical, everyday information often required by chemists but seldom found together, if at all, in the standard handbooks, data collections, manuals, and other usual sources. Discussing physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of substances and systems, the authors answer such questions as:<ul> <LI>How do I test for and destroy peroxides in different solvents and what is the best way to purify such solvents? <LI>What are the structure, physical properties, and recent references to the use of common-name solvents and solvent aids such as the "Skellysolves," "Cellosolves," "Crownanes," and "Glymes"? <LI>What is the utility of a particular molecular sieve, or permeation gel, or epoxy cement, or liquid crystal, and where do I buy them and find references to their application? </ul> The book is divided into nine chapters and covers properties of atoms and molecules, spectroscopy, photochemistry, chromatography, kinetics and thermodynamics, various experimental techniques, and mathematical and numerical information, including the definitions, values, and usage rules of the newly adopted International System of Units (SI Units). A section on statistical treatment of data which provides an actual least-squares computer program is also included. In the spectroscopy chapter, very extensive and up-to-date collections of spectral correlation data are presented for ir, uv-vis, optical rotation, nmr, and mass spectra, along with data on esr and nqr spectroscopy. Also included is a variety of hard-to-classify but frequently sought information, such as names and addresses of microanalysis companies and chemistry publishers, descriptions and commercial sources of atomic and molecular models, and safety data for hazardous chemicals. More than 500 key references are also included, most of which are recent. There are important hints and definitions associated with the art as well as the state of the art for the appropriate subjects. Also found throughout the book are about 250 suppliers and directions for obtaining special booklets or other material. <p> Containing a wealth of useful information, <I>The Chemist's Companion</I> will be an indispensable guide for students and professional chemists in nearly all the chemical disciplines. In addition, it will provide for the teacher and student an unusual adjunct for use in a broad cross-section of chemistry courses.
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